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The original Youtube Broadcast Yourself logo

About

YouTube[1] is a video hosting and sharing website created in February 2005. With eight hundred million unique visitors a month, it is one of the most trafficked websites on the internet along with Facebook and Google.

History

Although YouTube is often considered one of the early trendsetters in the social media game, other video-hosting platforms like Metacafe and Vimeo had been in existence prior to the launch of YouTube in 2005. According to one of the co-founders Jawed Karim, YouTube was originally envisioned as the video version of the beauty rating site Hot or Not, which has been also credited as the source of inspiration for the social networking service Facebook.

how the youtube header looked when the site was first launched

The site was founded by three former employees of PayPal, Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim on February 14th,[7] 2005 and the first YouTube video titled "Me at the zoo" was uploaded on April 23rd, which featured one of the co-founders Jawed Karim in front of elephants at the San Diego Zoo. The beta version of the site became publicly available in May of that year, followed by its official launch in November 2005.

The registered userbase continued to grow rapidly in the following months. By July 2006, the company revealed an impressive record of 65,000 new uploads and 100 million video views per day. In October 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock[10]; the deal was finalized in mid-November.

Redesigns

On March 31st, 2010, the YouTube website launched a new design, with the aim of simplifying the interface and increasing the time users spend on the site.

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In November 2011, the Google+ social networking site was integrated directly with YouTube and the Chrome web browser, allowing YouTube videos to be viewed from within the Google+ interface (shown below, left). In December 2011, YouTube launched a new version of the site interface (shown below, right), with the video channels displayed in a central column on the home page, similar to the news feeds of social networking sites.

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On June 5th, 2013, Google rolled out the new "One Channel" interface for YouTube, enabling all users to customize their channels with a cover photograph and an introductory video. According to Google's official blog post, the "One Channel" could lead to an increase in getting new subscribers and channel visits.

2017 Redesign

On August 29th, 2017, YouTube redesigned its website, tweaking the logo, interface, and typeface of the website.[36] The logo has been tweaked such that the brand's iconic red play button is in front of the word "YouTube," rather than have the word "Tube" highlighted in red. The company also announced several new features on its blog.[37] New features include the ability to swipe to previous and next videos on the site's mobile app, allowing mobile users to change the speed of a video like desktop users can, and double-tapping to fast-forward or rewind a video.


YouTube Music Awards

On October 1st, 2013, Google announced its plan to host the first YouTube Music Awards, a live-stream ceremony event to recognize and highlight the most influential musicians of the year.[25] The event, which is to be held at Pier 36 in New York City on November 3rd, will be co-hosted by actor-musicians Jason Schwartzman and Reggie Watts and feature live performances by Lady Gaga, Arcade Fire and Eminem, [26] as well as five music events that will be simulcast from Seoul, Tokyo, Moscow, London and Rio de Janeiro. On October 22nd, YouTube unveiled the list of nominees in six categories for the inaugural event,[27] along with an introductory video in which the co-host Reggie Watts asks the viewers to vote for the winning acts (shown below).

Video of The Year
  • Epic Rap Battles of History – "Obama vs Romney"
  • Demi Lovato –­ "Heart Attack"
  • Girls’ Generation –­ "I Got a Boy"
  • Justin Bieber (ft. Nicki Minaj) –­ "Beauty and a Beat"
  • Lady Gaga ­– "Applause"
  • Macklemore & Ryan Lewis –­ "Same Love"
  • Miley Cyrus ­– "We Can’t Stop"
  • One Direction ­– "Best Song Ever"
  • PSY ­– "Gentleman"
  • Selena Gomez –­ "Come & Get It"
Artist of the Year
Response of the Year
YouTube Phenomenon
YouTube Breakthrough
  • Kendrick Lamar
  • Macklemore & Ryan Lewis
  • Naughty Boy
  • Passenger
  • Rudimental
Innovation of the Year
  • Anamanguchi -- "Endless Fantasy"
  • Atoms For Peace –­ "Ingenue"
  • Bat For Lashes ­– "Lilies"
  • DeStorm –­ "See Me Standing"
  • Toro Y Moi – "Say That"

Google+ Comments Update

On September 24th, 2013, the YouTube Official Blog[28] announced the beta launch of an improved commenting system that is more closely integrated with the Google+ social networking service, which was subsequently implemented across-the-board on November 6th. Upon its release, YouTube's new commenting system was instantly met by criticisms and backlash from the community, mainly for requiring a Google+ account to comment on any video and prioritizing the visibility of comments made by friends on Google+ without having established a significant user base.

On November 7th, 2013, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted a comment on the site asking why the Google social networking service was required for commenting. Throughout the day, a number of video bloggers uploaded their own response videos to address the intergration issues in the new commenting system, most notably YouTubers Cr1TiK (shown below, top, left), somegreybloke (shown below, top, right), Jon (shown below, bottom, left) and Gopher (shown below, bottom, right).

Meanwhile, some YouTubers created short animations to vent their frustration with YouTube's Google+ commenting system (shown below).

Subscription Counter Glitch

On February 6th, 2017, YouTuber BlackScreenTV discovered a major glitch on the site that counted each unsubscription from a channel as two, which could be easily exploited by trolls to diminish the audience base of popular YouTube channels. To demonstrate the glitch, BlackScreenTV started a livestream session[29] showing the drastic decrease in subscribers on some of YouTube's most popular channels, including PewDiePIe, H3h3Productions, The Young Turks, LeafyIsHere and Keemstar, as well as iDubbbz and Tana Mongeau, who had recently engaged each other in a feud over their use of a racist slur against black people.

By February 8th, YouTuber BlackScreenTV's livestream video had reached the front page of Reddit[33] and 4chan's /pol/ board[34], further inviting a massive influx of trolls who would repeatedly subscribe and unsubscribe from channels in order to bring the counter down below zero. As a result, the subscription base for a number of popular YouTube channels targeted in the raid dipped into negative numbers.

Later that day, YouTube[35] tweeted an official response explaining that the malfunction was prompted by an update implemented on February 6th and the company is working to fix the glitch. By 4:00 p.m. (EST) on February 9th, several tech news outlets[30][31][32] reported that the glitch in the subscription counter appears to have been fixed.

Team YouTube Team YouTube Yikes! Starting Monday, in some cases, we accidentally started counting two unsubs for the price of one. We're working on a fix! RETWEETSLIKES 2,507 10,317 5:58 PM-8 Feb 2017

Extremist Video Prohibition

On August 1st, 2017, YouTube announced that they would implement a feature where extremist and supremacist videos that technically did not violate any rules would be put in a "limited state," meaning they are hidden and cannot make money.[38] An automated system identifies and flags such videos. In their blog post, YouTube announced that "over 75%" of videos of this nature were removed before being flagged by a user. The system, however, is imperfect. On August 24th, YouTuber Philip DeFranco went into some of the problems with the algorithm, including that the algorithm deleted videos dedicated to the war in Syria. The video has over 1 million views (shown below). Also on the 24th, Bloomberg[39] posted an article about the new restrictions.

Features

The basic features of YouTube consists of uploading videos, watching videos uploaded by other users and interacting with other users via comments and response videos. Unregistered visitors can watch videos without ever signing up for an account, but the registration is required for uploading videos and commenting on other uploads. YouTube initially allowed users to upload long-format videos, but later implemented a ten-minute length limit on all uploads in March 2006 after learning that the majority of videos exceeding the ten minute mark were unauthorized or copyright-infringing materials such as TV show episodes and films.

Playback

In addition to the basic functions of a video-streaming platform, YouTube offers a variety of optional tools to improve the viewing experience, such as closed captioning services, automatic speech recognition, in-video annotations and 3D anaglyphic playback.

Embeddable Videos

The near-ubiquitous presence of YouTube videos on the Internet can be credited to its easy video embedding feature, which allows users to copy and paste the video player object into almost any blog or website that supports HTML.

Interactions

Registered users (sometimes referred to as YouTubers) of the site can interact with others through a number of different channels, from private messaging and wall posts on the channel page to comments in the video pages and response videos that can be linked to the referenced video. Users can also rank a video or a video comment through an upvoting / downvoting system.

Shows & Rentals

YouTube also runs a section called "Shows," which allows major U.S. entertainment studios and distributors to upload full-length films and TV episodes to the site with advertisement options. In January 2010, YouTube introduced an online film rentals service offering more than 6,000 films, which is available only to users in the US, Canada and the UK as of July 2012.

Easter Eggs

  • Snake Game: In July 2010, YouTube released an easter egg feature with its new video player which enables users to launch an impromptu game of Snake by holding down the left and up arrow keys during pause and playback. This feature only works on YouTube video pages without any annotations or advertisements.[14]
  • Snowflake Animation: In December 2011, YouTube added a snowflake button as a holiday special easter egg on its video player. Upon clicking, the feature would trigger animated snowflakes to fall from the top of the video.
  • 500 Error Message: In 2010, YouTube began displaying a 500 Internal Server Error message that read "500 Internal Server Error: Sorry, something went wrong. A team of highly trained monkeys has been dispatched to deal with this situation. If you see them, show them this information" followd by a random code.
  • Nyan Cat Progress Bar: In June 2011, YouTube temporarily enabled a custom flash player for the original Nyan Cat page, which displayed an animated miniature Nyan Cat flying across the progress bar with a rainbow trail during playback.
  • The Wadsworth Parameter: In October 2011, YouTube employee and Redditor newtuber enabled the new video URL parameter “&wadsworth=1,” which can be suffixed to any YouTube video URL to load the video at 30% of the total length in reference to The Wadsworth Constant]
  • Self-Subscription: In 2012, YouTube began displaying a mouseover error message that read "No need to subscribe to yourself!" when a user attempted to subscribe to one's own channel.
  • Psy Character Sprite: In December 2012, YouTube added an animated character sprite of Psy doing the horse dance on the Gangnam Style video page to commemorate the unprecedented milestone of passing 1 billion views on the site.
  • Harlem Shake Search Results: In March 2013, YouTube introduced an easter egg for the search option in which typing in "do the harlem shake" would trigger various components of the search results page to wobble in the style of Harlem Shake dancers.
  • VHS Tape Mode: In April 2013, YouTube enabled a VHS tape emulator button on a limited selection of videos in homage to the 57th anniversary of the first commercially available videocassette recorder (VCR). Upon clicking, the video quality would be downgraded to match the aesthetics of VHS image resolution, such as white static lines, fuzzy grains, occasional vertical holds and even distortion of images when in pause mode.

Premium Channels

On January 29th, 2013, the advertising industry news blog AdAge[21] published an article reporting that YouTube has a plan to launch paid subscriptions for a select few channels in April. The article included a quote from a Google spokesperson, who stated that the company believed certain types of content require alternative payment models. On the following day, YouTuber PrettyMuchIt uploaded a video in support of the idea, asserting that paid subscriptions could provide users with more options and better content (shown below, left). Also on January 30th, YouTuber Lamarr Wilson uploaded a video in which he criticized the paid subscription model (shown below, right), arguing that no one should have to pay for content on the video-sharing site.

On May 9th, YouTube launched the pilot program for its paid subscription service,[15] offering its users free trial access to premium content published by more than 50 channels for the first two weeks, after which a monthly fee ranging from $0.99 to $7.99 would be charged per subscription.[16] In the coming days, the new service was reported on by Yahoo,[17]CNN,[20] The Wall Street Journal[19] and CNET[18] among many others. As of May 10th, there are 54 paid channels available, including Sesame Street, National Geographic, Rap Battle Network, Recipe.TV and the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

ACORN BIG MentorMOVIES ON PDN SUE 6j tink STAR NATIONAL rankiin PREMIUM Baby First PLUS Official Franklin On Cue Big Think Mentor Subscribe Acom TV BIGSTAR Movies Cars.TV National Geogr...NuestroPix Personal Defen... S Subscribe Subscribe Subscribe PGA CORMAN'S DRIVE ON kid cubaplay PG+ Commedy tv nio iXL Comedy.TV Corman's Drive-In CubaPlay T.V DHX Junior TV Pets.TV PGA Digital Gol...PhotoGuide+ Di... Canal de Pelicu... PixL Movie Cha... DHX Kids TV USA Unavailable Subscribe Subscribe ReioDl DOCU RAMA ESTV REAL WISDOM SPORTS RECIPE COM nce DHX Retro TV USA Subscribe Digital Theatre Docu Pix Docurama ES.TV PRIMEZONE Sp..Qello Rap Battle Netw...Real Wisdom TVRecipe.TV Subscribe Subscribe Subscribe Subscribe Unavailable GUYS Cravilas FEMI PREMIUM IN SMARTTV.COM The Smart Way Te Watch TV PLUS SportskoolPlus TheAsylumNet TNA Wrestling. El Subscribe Femi Pix Fix My Hog (Har.. GayDirect Gravitas MoviesGuys Night In SCREAMPIX T... Som SmartTV.c Subscribe Subscribe S Subscribe Here TV PREMIUM iamplify iamplify fitness yoga SELECT plus Henson En Esp.. Here TV Premium HombrePix UFC Select Woodworkers G... Amplify Fiss Amplify Yoga Subscribe Treehouse Direct TYTplus Subscribe Subscribe Subscribe Subscribe Subscribo Subscribe

Impact

Since its launch and subsequent rise to prominence, YouTube has played an essential role in the creative process of internet memes in a multitude of ways, foremostly as the ground zero site of countless viral videos and spawning pool of user-generated videos, and secondly as the primary exchange ground for social commentaries and discussions on topical events. The site's strong affinity with both amateur vloggers and mainstream media outlets also gave rise to an uncharted era of citizen journalism, public discourse and internet stardom, thus establishing itself as a hub site of user-generated content.

2013 YouTube Study

In June 2013, undergraduate media students at Columbia College in Chicago, Illinois released a 175-page report[22] on YouTube's most popular content creators and their contributing factors. Conducted over the course of the Spring semester in 2013, the study analyzed the statistical data of YouTube's 241 most viewed channels to deduce a number of commonly observed practices that may contribute to their online popularity. Among its key findings[23][24] were:

  • All but one of YouTube's top channels focus on producing non-serial, episodic videos, with MachinimaPrime being the sole exception that serializes its content with a consistent storyline.
  • The 58 percent majority of YouTube's top channels do not use introductory clips or credit rolls in their videos. The median frequency of jump cuts is at around 9 cuts per minute, the median pace of narrative speech is 150 spoken words per minute, while the median word count in video description stands at around 56.5 words per video. All of these findings suggest the importance of brevity and search engine optimization.
  • Approximately 34 percent of the analyzed videos feature at least one other collaborator in the description; comedians have the higher rate of peer collaboration with 43 percent of videos being co-hosted or co-produced, while gamers rarely team up with only two percent of gaming videos produced as a result of collaboration.
  • The median video length for YouTube's top channels is 4 minutes and 19 seconds (4:19); comedy videos have the shortest median video lengths at 3 minutes and 25 seconds (3:25), while fashion/beauty, news commentary and gaming videos have the longest median video lengths at 7 minutes, 44 seconds (7:44), 8 minutes and 55 seconds (8:55) and 9 minutes and 36 seconds (9:36) respectively.
  • The median number of subscribers for YouTube's top channels is measured at around 1.23 million subscribers and the majority of the top ten channels are run by independent video-bloggers.
  • The median frequency of new release is at 1.25 videos per week, while the average number of videos uploaded in a week period is just short of three videos per week. Among the top content creators, gaming-related channels have the highest number of 8.31 videos uploaded per week, while comedy channels have the lowest cout of 1.23 videos uploaded per week.
  • Twitter is the primary means of distributing new video content for YouTube's top channels. On average, YouTubers tweet 7.11 times a day and garner around 4.28 mentions per day.

2018 SXSW Interactive Interview

On March 13th, 2018, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki was interviewed by Wired Editor-in-Chief Nicholas Thompson at the South by Southwest Interactive event in Austin, Texas (shown below).

In the interview, Wojcicki announced that additional information, referred to as "information cues," would be added alongside conspiracy theory videos, which could include passages from alternative sources like Wikipedia (shown below).

私" Moon Landing A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon. The United States Apolo 11 was the first manned mission to land Wikipedia Information cues, launching in the coming months, will offer additional information Mor Believed Apollo Moon Landing Conspiracies 02 Comments Share NowThis World 25M subscribers SUBSCRIBE Katv Perrv- Chained to the

Additionally, Wojcicki revealed that YouTube content moderators were limited to viewing disturbing videos for only four hours each day, saying "I myself have spent a lot of time looking at this content over the past year. It is really hard."

Firearm Content Policy

On March 20th, 2018, YouTube announced a new content policy update prohibiting videos used to "sell firearms or certain firearm accessories" or provide "instructions on manufacturing a firearm, high capacity magazine, homemade silencers/suppressors, or certain firearms accessories."[41]

YouTube Help Policies on content featuring firearms YouTube prohibits certain kinds of content featuring firearms. Specifically, we don't allow content that: . Intends to sell firearms or certain firearms accessories through direct sales (e.g., private sales by individuals) or links to sites that sell these items. These accessories include but may not be limited to accessories that enable a firearm to simulate automatic fire or convert a firearm to automatic fire (e.g bump stocks, gatling triggers, drop-in auto sears, conversion kits), and high capacity magazines (i.e., magazines or belts carrying more than 30 rounds). Provides instructions on manufacturing a firearm, ammunition, high capacity magazine, homemade silencers/suppressors, or certain firearms accessories such as those listed above. This also includes instructions on how to convert a firearm to automatic or simulated automatic firing capabilities .Shows users how to install the above-mentioned accessories or modifications.

That day, the channel Spike's Tactical was suspended from the site, leading the channel's Instagram and Facebook page to post an update criticizing the new policy (shown below). On March 21st, Bloomberg[42] reported that a YouTube spokeswoman claimed that the channel was "reinstated after it was mistakenly removed." Meanwhile, the InRange TV Facebook[42] page announced that they would be mirroring their content on an adult website in case their channel was removed from YouTube.

spikes tactical YouTube We'd like to inform you that due to repeated or severe violations of our Community Guidelines (https:l/www.youtube.com/t community_guidelines) your YouTube account Spike's Tactical has been suspended YouTube doesn't allow content that encourages or promotes violent or dangerous acts that have an inherent risk of serious physical harm or death. For example, it's not okay to post videos showing drug abuse underage drinking and smoking, or bomb making The only depictions of such activities that we may allow need to be educational or documentary in nature and shouldn't be designed to help or encourage others to imitate them. When uploading a video make sure to post as much information as possible in the title and description to help us and your viewers understand the primary purpose of the video. Learn more here. Please be aware that you are prohibited from accessing, possessing or creating any other YouTube accounts. For more information about account terminations and how our Community Guidelines are enforced, please visit our Helper Center If you would like to appeal the suspension, please submit this form. 6,740 likes spikes tactical The Liberal Left will slowly chip away at our freedoms and erode our rights, and the first step is to squelch our voice. To say we're f------ p----- is an understatement. However we are not backing down from these bitches. SHALL NOT INFRINGESIGN UP for the newsletter before they ban every freedom loving American from social media. SpikesTactical.com #spikestactical #censorship #freedom #youtube #freedomofspeech #publicutility #monopoly #itson likedonkeykong #nra #gungossip #180second ideas @180second-deas @nationalrifleassociation @youtube @aciu-nationwide @acuf @colionnoir @dioesch #shall notinfringe #2A

Google News Initiative

On March 20th, 2018, Google released a video announcing the Google News Initiative (GNI), with the state goal to "elevate quality journalism" and "empower news organizations to leverage technology for innovation in newsrooms" (shown below).

On July 9th, 2018, the YouTube Official Blog[43] published an announcement that the video sharing platform was taking steps to support the GNI by annotating conspiracy videos with "authoritative context" using text from online encyclopedias, including Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Britannica, and would feature links on search result pages to news sources, including Vox Media, Jovem Pan and India Today. The post revealed that $25 million would be committed to YouTube's GNI efforts.

Prank Ban

On January 14th, 2019, YouTube updated its guidelines to ban any dangerous pranks that are harmful to the individual in the video or others, including emotional harm that could lead to traumatic effects.[44] This included instances like the Tide Pod Challenge and Fire Challenge. [45] Though not mentioned specifically by YouTube, the announcement came after a participant in the Bird Box Challenge caused a car accident.[46] The site is giving users a two-month grace period to review their content and will work to remove videos that violate the new policy.

Subscriber Change

On May 21st, 2019, YouTube[47] announced in a blog post that "starting in August 2019, [YouTube] begin showing the abbreviated subscriber number across all public YouTube surfaces." Many YouTubers became became disappointed in the decision and voiced concerns over third-party analytics sites like Social Blade. On May 23rd, Keemstar[48]tweeted "#SaveSocialBlade YouTube plans to stop real time live sub counts! (RT) & post your own tweet to #SaveSocialBlade" (shown below, left). The tweet gained over 6,400 retweets and 17,500 likes in a week. The hashtag used in many posts against the new subscriber policy. On May 29th, 2019, Social Blade[49] "Update: We had the call with YouTube & voiced our & your concerns along with solutions we think would be better suited. They took a lot of notes to share with the team in charge of this. Not sure if anything will change but its a start. We asked for a followup next week" (shown below, right). The tweet gained over 1,000 likes in a day.

@KEEMSTAR #SaveSocial Blade YouTube plans to stop real time live sub counts! (RT) & post your own tweet to #SaveSocialBlade 3:25 PM - 23 May 2019
Social Blade lull @SocialBlade Update: We had the call with YouTube & voiced our & your concerns along with solutions we think would be better suited. They took a lot of notes to share with the team in charge of this. Not sure if anything will change but its a start. We asked for a followup next week. 5:10 PM - 29 May 2019

Removing Extremist Videos

On June 5th, 2019, YouTube [50] announced in a blog post that they would be "removing more hateful and supremacist content," "reducing borderline content and raising up authoritative voices" and, finally, "continuing to reward trusted creators and enforce our monetization policies." That day, The New York Times[51], quoted a YouTube spokesperson who said, "The kind of content that will be prohibited under YouTube’s new hate speech policies includes videos that claim Jews secretly control the world, that say women are intellectually inferior to men and therefore should be denied certain rights, or that suggest that the white race is superior to another race."

That same day, Journalist Ford Fischer[52] announced that, "Within minutes of @YouTube's announcement of a new purge it appears they caught my outlet, which documents activism and extremism, in the crossfire. I was just notified my entire channel has been demonetized. I am a journalist whose work there is used in dozens of documentaries" (shown below). The tweet gained over 1,900 likes and 900 retweets in several hours. He goes on to say, "This attack on independent journalists who film/track extremism is not without precedent."

Ford Fischer @FordFischer Within minutes of @YouTube's announcement of a new purge it appears they caught my outlet, which documents activism and extremism, in the crossfire. I was just notified my entire channel has been demonetized. I am a journalist whose work there is used in dozens of documentaries. YouTube Hi News2Share, During a recent review, our team of policy specialists carefully looked over the videos you've uploaded to your channel News2Share. We found that a significant portion of your channel is not in line with our YouTube Partner Program policies. As of today, your channel is not eligible to monetize and you will not have access to monetization tools and features. Please go to your monetization page to read more about the specific policy our specialists flagged. We know this is tough news, and sometimes we have to make difficult decisions. We have a responsibility to ensure our community is safe for creators, viewers and advertisers. At the same time, we understand that you may have unintentionally made mistakes. That's why you'll be able to reapply for the YouTube Partner Program in 30 days. This 30-day time period allows you to make changes to your channel to make sure it's in line with our policies. What this means for your channel You'll continue to have access to most creator features on YouTube that enable you to grow your audience, build your community, and manage your videos. You can: Upload, edit, or delete your videos Read, respond to, or moderate your comments Analyze your channel performance in YouTube Analytics Get best practices and strategic advice from Creator Academy Connect to other Creators in the YouTube Help Forum There is no change to how your videos are promoted in our search and recommendation systems. 11:11 AM 5 Jun 2019

The Harris Poll Top Preferred Professions

On July 15th, 2019, The Harris Poll[53] published a survey commissioned by LEGO which surveyed 3,000 children from China, the UK, and the United States on their attitudes toward space travel. When asked "What do you want to be when you grow up" most children in China said astronaut while in the UK and the United States most children answered YouTuber (shown below).[54]

What do you want to be when you grow up? Depends on where you are from Astronaut is a popular answer to "what do you want Vlogger/YouTuber is the most popular answer in the to be when you grow up?" in China, but less so in the UK and US about three times as likely to be chosen than astronaut US and UK. United Kingdom United States China Astronaut Vlogger/YouTuber 56% Vlogger/YouTuber 30% 29% Teacher Teacher Teacher 25% 26% 52% Professional athlete Professional 21% 23% Musician 47% athlete Musician Musician 18% 19% Professional athlete 37% Astronaut Astronaut 119% 11% Vlogger/YouTuber 18% Q1. What do you want to be when you grow up? You can pick up to three answers. Harris Insights & Analytics LLC, A Stagwell Company 9 2018

Largely due to the broad range of content hosted on the site and its virtual monopoly over video hosting services, the scope of this section is limited to internet memes that have emerged as a result of interacting with other users or using a specific feature on the site. For more comprehensive listings of viral videos and catchphrases that have originated from YouTube, check out KYM Tag – Origin:YouTube. For an index of notable YouTube video bloggers and celebrities, browse KYM Tag – Origin:YouTube Category:Person.

The 301 Phenomenon

One of the longest enduring mysteries of YouTube features has been the seemingly arbitrary view counter that gets stuck at 301 or 302, which soon became regarded as a positive sign that the video is undergoing a significant lift in viewership. The number 301 displayed under a video can be read as the minimum threshold of view-counts required to initiate a new counting method or "a statistical verification process" designed to filter out any counterfeit or invalid view counts from being taken into account.

YouTube Automatic Caption Fails

YouTube Automatic Caption Fails are the humorous, incorrect captions produced by Google’s automatic speech recognition technology for videos on YouTube. Both real and fake screenshots of particularly absurd automatic transcriptions are often posted on various sites.

Operation YouTube

Operation YouTube (also known as "YouTube P--n Day") is a series of spamming raids launched by Anonymous which took place on the video sharing site in early June 2009.

I'm 12 Years Old and What is This?

"I'm 12 Years Old and What is This?", also known as "I'm 12 and what is this?", is a catchphrase typically used to react to something that is considered vulgar or outlandish, such as x-rated media. The comment was posted in a video titled "Jonas Brother Live On Stage" during Operation YouTube in May 2009, when 4chan users flooded the site with x-rated clips under the guise of popular teen idols like Lazy Town, Jonas Brothers and Miley Cyrus.

The Wadsworth Constant

The Wadsworth Constant is an Internet axiom which states that the first 30% of any video can be skipped because it contains no worthwhile or interesting information. This observation was named after Redditor Wadsworth, who defined the term in a discussion thread about how to properly fold a bed sheet.

X People Missed the Like Button

X People Missed the Like Button is a type of comment usually found on YouTube, in which the "x" represents the number of dislikes the video has accumulated at the time of the commenter's viewing. The phrase can also be modified to take on a biased tone as to criticize the viewers who chose to dislike the video.

Am I Ugly?

"Am I Ugly?" is a YouTube trend in which adolescents upload videos of themselves asking for commenters to rate their physical attractiveness. In February of 2012, the phenomenon rose in visibility after news media began criticizing the trend as an unhealthy means of seeking approval.

Reply Girls

Reply Girls, often spelled “reply girl”, is an Internet slang term used to identify female YouTubers who mainly upload videos as a “reply” to an already popular or trending video in an attempt to capitalize on the high view counts. They typically use sexually suggestive thumbnails, often with prominently exposed cleavage, to gain views. Reply Girls seek to gain YouTube partnerships through high view counts, and then make/steal money for every video they produce.

Traffic

As of January 2012, YouTube has a Quantcast[2] US score of 3, Alexa[3] Global and US rank of 3, and Compete[4] rank of 4. On January 23rd, 2012, YouTube announced[5] that it was receiving an average of more than four billion views a day on both computers and mobile web, as well as an hourlong worth of footage uploaded per second. To better illustrate the vast numbers and statistics associated with YouTube videos, YouTube launched the site One Hour Per Second[6] in December 2011.

00:33 O IN 24 SECONDS OF UPLOADS TO YOUTUBE, ONE FULL DAY ELAPSES, AND THE NYAN CAT SAYS "NYAN" OVER 345,600 TIMES. I DAY OF VIDEO

Search Interest

Search queries for YouTube began to increase visibly in February 2006 and the total volume of online interest has been steadily on the rise ever since.

External References

[1] YouTube – Home

[2] Quantcast – YouTube.com (registration needed)

[3] Alexa – YouTube.com

[4] Compete (via Wayback Machine)- YouTube.com

[5] The Next Web – YouTube hits 4 billion daily video views, a 25% increase in the past eight months

[6] One Hour Per Second – Home

[7] Wikipedia – YouTube

[8] Wikipedia – Censorship of YouTube

[9] New York Times – YouTube Ads Turn Videos Into Revenue

[10] New York Times (via Wayback Machine) – Company Profile

[11] YouTube (via Wayback Machine) – Press Timeline

[12] YouTube (via Wayback Machine) – Statistics

[13] Wikipedia – List of Google's hoaxes and easter eggs

[14] The Next Web – Did you know you can play Snake on YouTube while watching videos? Hold left.

[15] YouTube (via Wayback Machine) – paid channels

[16] Blogspot – New ways to support great content on YouTube

[17] Yahoo (via Wayback Machine) – YouTube starts paid subscription service

[18] CNET – YouTube begins paid subscription pilot

[19] The Wall Street Journal – YouTube Unveils Paid Subscription Channels

[20] CNN – YouTube launching a pilot program

[21] Adage – YouTube Set to Introduce Paid Subscriptions This Spring

[22] Tubular Insights – 2013 YouTube Study (PDF Document)

[23] New Media Rockstars – 10 THINGS CREATORS SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE LATEST STUDY ON YOUTUBE’S TOP CHANNELS

[24] Tube Filters – Recent Study Shows What It Takes To Be A YouTube Star

[25] New York Times – YouTube Plans a Music Awards Show Live From New York

[26] The Daily Dot – YouTube taps Lady Gaga and Spike Jonze for inaugural music awards

[27] Variety – YouTube Music Awards Nominees Announced

[28] YouTube Official Blog – We hear you better commenting coming to YouTube

[29] YouTube – BIGGEST GLITCH IN YOUTUBE HISTORY (fixed) – Tana Mongeau APOLOGY SUB COUNT – In a Pewdiepie Video!

[30] The Next Web – YouTube glitch causes channels to lose tons of subscribers in minutes [Update]

[31] Daily Dot – YouTube glitch causes creators to lose thousands of subscribers in minutes

[32] TubeFilter – YouTube Discloses Glitch That Caused Subscriber Counts To Plummet This Week

[33] Reddit – YouTube BlackScreenTV discovers negative subscriber glitch on stream

[34] 4plebs – Youtube Glitch

[35] Twitter – @TeamYouTube's Tweet

[36] The Verge – YOUTUBE HAS A NEW LOOK AND, FOR THE FIRST TIME, A NEW LOGO

[37] YouTube Blog – A new YouTube look that works for you

[38] YouTube Blog – An update on our commitment to fight terror content online

[39] Bloomberg – Google Begins Biggest Crackdown on Extremist YouTube Videos

[40] New York Times – YouTube the Great Radicalizer

[41] Google – YouTube Help / Policies on content featuring firearms

[42] Facebook – InRange TV

[42] Bloomberg – YouTube Bans Firearms Demo Videos, Entering the Gun Control Debate

[43] Googleblog – Building a better news experience on YouTube, together

[44] - Google – Policies on harmful or dangerous Content

[45] Google – FAQ

[46] CNN – YouTube bans dangerous pranks and challenges

[47] Google – Support

[48] Twitter- KEESTAR

[49] Twitter – SocialBlade

[50] YouTube – Blog Post

[51] NY Times – YouTube Removing Extremist Video

[52] Twitter – FordFischer

[53] The Harris Poll – LEGO Poll

[54] Ars Technica – American Kids Would Rather be YouTubers



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